Long Island - Roaring Twenties, 1919-1929

History, 1919-1929 -- Long Island in the Roaring Twenties 

        Note:  WW I, for the U.S., lasted from 1917 to 1921
         See also  L.I. -- History -- World War, 1914-1918  web page  

--  General

--  Camp Mills

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • "Boys Do Big Soldier Trade:  Three from New York Sell $2,050 Worth of Notions at Camp Mills."  New York Times, February 8, 1919:  p. 13.
  • "2,200 Men of 27th Arrive in New York:  Rain Dampens Welcome to 107th Infantry on the Nieuw Amsterdam.  Leave for Camp Mills:  Regiment Suffered Severely in Offensive Last Fall, and has 1,000 Replacements from the West."  New York Times, March 10,1919:  p. 7.
  • "Army to Abandon 27 Camp Centres:  Mills and Merritt to be Given Up -- Upton and Dix to be Kept Permanently.  To Quit 15 Flying Fields:  Hazelhurst to be Held for Storage Use -- 28 Sites to be Bought."  New York Times, March 22, 1919:  p. 11.
  • "Soldier Boxers to Meet.  Men from Camps Dix and Mills in Bouts."  New York Times, March 26, 1919:  p. 12.
  • "Detained Soldiers Go to Camps Here:  2,700 Americans Who Fought in British Army to be Discharged at Mills and Merritt.  Ship had No Manifest:  But Mauretania was Assured by Cable of No Immigration Difficulties, It is Said."  New York Times, April 9, 1919:  p. 7.
  • "Canteen Burned at Camp Mills."  New York Times, May 7, 1919:  p. 12.
  • "To Abandon Camp Mills:  Soldiers, After Aug. 10, Will be Demobilized at Dix and Upton."  New York Times, August 10, 1919:  p. 8.
  • "Famous Camp Mills Passes into History:  Existence Officially Closed, Although Some Troops Will Remain There Until Fall."  New York Times, August 11, 1919:  p. 11.
  • "Camp Mills Soon to Close.  Only a Few Men There Awaiting Preliminaries of Demobilization."  New York Times, August 12, 1919:  p. 8.
  • "To Sell Five Army Camps.  Camp Mills is Included -- Three Cantonments Also to Go."  New York Times, October 14, 1919:  p. 22.
  • "Camp Mills Bids Rejected.  Technical Defect in One of Them Makes Readvertising Necessary."  New York Times, November 19, 1919:  p. 12.
  • "Knapp, Slayer, Gets 20 Years in Prison:  Army Deserter Who Murdered Hempstead Taxi Driver for 'Thrill' Pleads Guilty.  Parents Bar Sanity Trial:  Woman He Married as a Fugitve Stands by Him -- Five Year Search Followed Camp Mills Crime."  New York Times, September 29, 1931:  p. 13.
  • "War Mementos Unearthed at Camp Mills as L.I. Tract Gives Way to Home Colony."  New York Times, February 18, 1951:  p. 195.

--  Camp Upton 

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:  

  • "Upton Boxers Win Bouts:  Pugilists from Camp Mills Defeated in Four Contests."  New York Times, January 30, 1919:  p. 8.
  • "Rush Final Details for Parade of 27th: Every Unit of Division to be in Armories by Tonight for Big March Tomorrow. Some Come in from Camps: City to be Marching Soldiers All Today -- Celebrations in Brooklyn, Harlem, and Bronx." New York Times, March 24, 1919: p. 4.
  • "Plan to Demobilize 77th in Camp Upton:  Division Will be Quartered at Camp Mills Until Parade on Fifth Avenue.  Chinese Prepare Welcome:  Chinatown to Give Dinner to 100 Orientals -- Tickets for Official Boats Ready."  New York Times, April 23, 1919:  p. 21.
  • "Criticize Chinese Labor.  Unemployed Veterans Resent Use of Orientals on Upton Job."  New York Times, March 11, 1922:  p. 2.
  • "Camp Upton's Owners:  Orville B. Ackerly Hives Some Very Interesting Real Estate History."  Suffolk County News, April 25, 1919:  p. 8.
  • "Government to Buy Upton." Port Jefferson Echo, April 26, 1919:  p. 1.
  • "Coolidge Issues Order to Abandon Camp Upton:  Wadsworth and Bacon Negotiating with War Department for It as State Park; Rumors of National Forest Being Given Up Current for Past Few Weeks -- Moses Says State Seeks It for Large Game Preserve -- Group of Sportsmen also want to Buy It."  Patchogue Advance, August 29, 1927:  p. 1. 
  • "Remote Chance that State Will Get Camp Upton Site:  War Department Not Inclined to Give Land to State for Game Preserve or Park; Bacon's Letter to Moses on Negotiations Show that Government Plans to Sell Large Area -- Moses Says that State has No Money with which to Purchase Site -- Practically Abandons Hope." Patchogue Advance, August 30, 1927:  p. 8.
  • "Neither County Nor State wants Upton at Government Price:  Expected that War Department will now Dispose of Acreage to Private Parties; Appraisal Price is $400,332 for 6,235 Acres -- Suffolk Supervisors Put Mastter on Table and State 'Not in Position to Buy It.'"  Patchogue Advance, October 11, 1927:  p. 1.   

--  Fitzgerald, F. Scott (1896-1940) & The Great Gatsby

---  PML Catalog Sampler:

--  Forest Fires

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • "Forest Fires."  Port Jefferson Echo, April 26, 1919:  p. 1.

--  Germany  [L.I. troops in]

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • "Our Boys in Germany:  Wm. J. Beyer and Anton Thuma are in the Enemy's Land.  But Long for the U.S.A.:  Thuma Sleeping in Feather Bed and Helping Germans in Domestic Tasks Near the Rhine -- Beyer Ten Months Overseas with Telegraph Battalion."  Suffolk County News, February 7, 1919:  p. 1.

--  Gold Coast
               See also  Prohibition

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Behrens, David. "F. Scott Fitzgerald Country: With Gold Coast Parties and Bathtub Gin, Long Island Epitomizes the Roaring Twenties." (Long Island: Our Story). Newsday, April 26, 1998: pp. A16, A48-A50.
  • Gorelick, Jeremy. "The Fields, Woolworths, and Vanderbilts: Remembering the Gold Coast." Long Island Historical Journal, 9(1) Fall 1996: pp. 96-100.
  • Ingrassia, Michele. "LI's Coming of Age Party: And a Party of a Lifetime It was, as the Gold Coast Celebrated the Presence of the Prince of Wales" (Long Island: Our Story). Newsday, May 7, 1998: pp. B10-B12.

--  Hazelhurst Field /  Curtiss Field

--- L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • "Airman Killed in Fall: Lieut. S. B. Johnston of Texas Dies at Hazelhurst Field." New York Times, July 29,1919: p. 21.
  • "Allot 3,490 Fliers to Mexican Border: Balance of 12,000 Officers and Men Placed in the Inited States and Possessions. 323 at Hazelhurst Field: 381 Each for the Hawaiian Islands and the Philippines -- 230 in Canal Zone." New York Times, October 10, 1919: p. 2.
  • "New Field for Curtiss. Aeroplane and Motor Corporation Buys Hazelhurst, L.I." New York Times, July 17,1920: p. 5.
  • "Fireproof Airplane Now. Demonstrated at Hazelhurst Field by the Inventor, Parker H. Bradley." New York Times, September 29, 1920: p. 8.

--  Historic places
              See also Gold Coast

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • "Maude Adams Home Taken Over by Nuns: Archbishop Bonzano Bestows Papal Blessing at Transfer of 300-Acre Estate. Actress Not at Ceremony: Ill Health Forces Her to Remain Up-State -- Sisterhood to Alter Lake Ronkonkoma House." New York Times, June 21, 1922: p. 22.

-- Ku Klux Klan
              See also  L.I. -- Ku Klux Klan vertical files

  • Behrens, David.  "The KKK Flares Up on LI:  In the Early 1920's, White Robes and Burning Crosses are Seen in Many Villages"  (Long Island:  Our Story.  Newsday, Inc., 1998:  p. 293.
  • Brisbane, Frances.  "This Terrible Undercurrent in Our Society."  New York Times, December 2, 1979: p. 26. 
  • Cavaioli, Frank J.  "The Ku Klux Klan on Long Island."  Long Island Forum, 42(5) May 1979:  cover, pp. 100-104, 106.
  • Cavaioli, Frank J.  "People, Places and the Ku Klux Klan on Long Island."  Long Island Forum, August 1986:  pp. 159-167.
  • "Clergymen Better Keep Out." New York Times, May 22, 1924:  p. 16.
  • Coley, Len.  "Bigotry on L.I., Then and Now"  New York Times, December 2, 1979: p. 26.
  • Durkin, Laura.  "Illuminating the Darker Side of LI's Past."  Newsday, November 7, 1982:  p. 4.
  • Fleitman, Jay.  "Long Island:  Hoods and Swastikas."  The Yorker, May-June 1967:  pp. 10-12.  
  • Gombieski, Jane S.  "Klokards, Kleagles, Kludds, and Kluxers:  The Ku Klux Klan in Suffolk County, 1915-1928, Part One."  Long Island Historical Journal, 6(1):  pp. 41-62.
  • "Klan is Denounced by Chairman Pell:  Democratic State Leader Says It Violates Fundamental Principles of Government:  Writes Long Island Editor; Asserts There can Be No Doubt as to Party's Stand Against Hooded Organization."  New York Times, August 15, 1924.
  • LaGumina, Salvatore J.  "The Ku Klux Klan and Anti-Italianism."  In  From Steerage to Suburb:  Long Island Italians.  New York:  Center for Migration Studies, 1988:  pp. 72-73.
  • "Long Island Gets Its Reward."  New York Times, June 2, 1923:  p. 10.
  • "One Epidemic Comes to an End" (Topics of the Times).  New York Times, March 23, 1926:  p. 26.
  • Tayler, Letta.  "Klan Fever:  A New Wave of Immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe Moven In.  Blacks Sought Political Repesentation.  Women Demanded Voting Rights.  And the Popularity of the Ku Klux Klan Soared."  Newsday, July 5, 1994:  pp. B4-B5, B35.
  • "Troubles in Ku Klux Klan."  Patchogue Advance, 
    April 13, 1923:  p. 7.

--  Lindbergh, Charles

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Zezima, Jerry. "Confusion Flies High Over Lindbergh Flight" (Time Machine; Long Island: Our Story).Newsday, November 8, 1997: p. A13.

--  Lufbery Field

--- L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • "Airman Killed." Port Jefferson Echo, April 26, 1919: p. 1.
  • Muha, Laura. "Memorial to Forgotten Fliers: Plaque Honors 2 Killed in 1918 Plane Crash." Newsday, August 16, 1989: pp. 6, 44.

--  Montauk, NY

--  Prohibition & Rum-Running

---  PML Catalog Sampler:

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Moses, Dorothy. "A Lawless Lot: Stories of the Twentes." Long Island Forum, 22(1) Winter February 1, 1989: pp. 22-24.

--  Salespersons, Itinerant

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Moses, Dorothy. "Childhood Memories: The Door-to-Door Tradesmen." Long Island Forum, 49 (12) December 1986: pp. 250-256, 258-259.

--  Sayville, NY

---   L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • "Our Subs in the War:  Ted Jedlicka Home After a Year in the War Zone; He Served Aboard the L-2:  Only 210 Men in the United States had His Chance, for We had but Secen Subs in the War -- Tells How They Sunk Hun U-Boat Last July."  Suffolk County News, February 14, 1919:  p. 1.
  • "Soldiers Injured in Auto Crash." Port Jefferson Echo, April 26, 1919: p. 1. -- car with 3 soldiers tangles with an army truck

--  Walking tours

-- Women