Long Island - Colonial Period, ca. 1600-1775

History - Colonial Period, ca. 1600-1775
          
See also   Classic L.I. Histories and Document Collections web page
           See also  Classic NYS Histories and Historic Document Collections web page
           See also  L.I. Counties  web page (& individual county webpages, linked from this page)
           See also  Long Island History web page
           See also  L.I. Indians (Prehistory and History) web page
           See also  L.I. Town Histories & Records web page
           See also  L.I.'s Outer and Barrier Islands  web page
           See also  L.I. Villages & Cities - Nassau  web page
           See also  
L.I. Villages - Suffolk, A-K  web page
           See also  L.I. Villages - Suffolk, L-Z  web page

--  General

---   PML Catalog Sampler:

--  Acadian deportees

--  Biography

---  Cockenoe-de-Long-Island

---  Gardiner, Lion
                 See also  Long Island Indians  (Prehistory and History)  web page 

---  Johnson, Sir William

  • Pennypacker, Morton.  "Summer of 1773."  Long Island Forum, 2(10) October 1939:  pp. 13-14, 21.  -- Sir William Johnson's visit to L.I. 

---  Moody, Lady Deborah
                   See also  Long Island Indians  (Prehistory and History)  web page
                   See also  History, 1640-1649  (below) 

----  LI Vertical File Sampler:

  • DeWan, George.  "A 'Dangerous' Woman:  Dissenter Lady Deborah Moody Set a Precedent When She Founded Gravesend."  (Long Island:  Our Story).  Newsday online 

---  Scott, John

---  Underhill, John

--  Commissions, Civil and Military

  • "Colonial Commissions, 1680-1772."  New-York Historical Society Quarterly, 7(4) January 1924:  123-127.  -- Lists both civil and military appointments and commands, transcribed from five volumes, subsequently lost in the Albany, N.Y., Capitol fire of 1911.  The transcriptions were serialized in consecutive issues of the Quarterly through 12(2) July 1928.

--  Decorative Arts

---  PML Catalog Sampler:

--  East End

---  Long Island Vertical File Sampler:

  • Bayles, Thomas R.  "The Settlement of Eastern Long Island."  Long  Island Forum, 32(2) February 1969:  pp. 36-38, 40.
  • Bayles, Thomas R.  "The Settlement of Eastern L.I.:  Conclusion."  Long Island Forum, 32(3) March 1969:  pp. 56-58, 60.

--  Genealogy

--  Flushing Remonstrance, 1657

--  History, 1600-1639

  • Pennypacker, Morton.  "Dutch Successors to Hudson Explore Coasts of Long Island in 1614"  (250 Years in Suffolk)
  • Pennypacker, Morton.  "West India Company Organized to Govern Newly Discovered land for Dutch"  (250 Years in Suffolk)
  • "Wegwagonock and the English."  Sag Harbor Express, July 6, 1998:  [3 p.]
  • Wood, Silas.  "The first purchase of the Indians on Long-Island that has been discovered, was in 1635, and the earliest deed for land  to individuals, is a patent from Governor Van Twiller to Andries Hedden and Wolpert Garritsen, for a tract of land in Amersfoort or Flatlands, bearing the date of 6th June 1636."  In  A Sketch of the First Settlement of the Severall Towns on Long Island; with Their Political Condition, to the End of the American Revolution, new ed.  Brooklyn, N.Y.:  Alden Spooner, 1828:  p. 7.
  • Wood, Silas.  "The same [Plymouth] company, by order of Charles the first, on the 22nd of April, in the 11th year of his reign [1636], issued letters patent to William, Earl of Sterling, "Secretary of the Kingdom of Scotland," for the whole of Long -Island."  In  A Sketch of the First Settlement of the Severall Towns on Long Island; with Their Political Condition, to the End of the American Revolution, new ed.  Brooklyn, N.Y.:  Alden Spooner, 1828:  p. 6.
  • Wood, Silas.  "April 20, in the 12th year of Charles I [1637], the Earl of Stirling executed a power of attorney to James Farret, to sell and dispose of lands on the Island, and the earliest purchases made by the English on the Island, were made or confirmed by authority derived from him.  A certified copy of this power of attorney, taken from the record of Massachusetts, is among the papers in the office of the clerk of the town of Southampton.
  • New York (State).  Archives.  "Lord Stirling's Confirmation of the Sale of Long Island" [August 20, 1639]. In  Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New-York; Procured in Holland, England and France, by John Romelyn Brodhead, esq, Agent....(London Documents, v.3).  Albany:  Weed, Parsons and Co., Printers, 1853:  p. 22. 

--  History - Pequot War, 1636
               See also  Biography -- Gardiner, Lion
               See also  Biography -- Underhill, John

               See also  Gardiners Island
               See also  Long Island Indians  (Prehistory and History)  web page

-- History, 1640-1649

  • Deborah Moody (Dunch)   (Geni)
  • DeWan, George.  "A 'Dangerous' 1600's Woman:  Religious Dissenter Lady Deborah Moody Set a Precedent when She Founded Gravesend"  (Long Island, Our Story).  Newsday (LI History.com)
  • Lady Deborah Moody  (Interfaith Peacemakers)
  • [Rothenberg, Mark.]  New Netherlands' Pyrrhic Dutch-Indian Wars, 1640-1664:  Causes & Consequences:  Persecutions, Prosecution of War, Destabilizing a Colony.  [PowerPoint slide]
  • Sarudy, Barbara Wells.  The Dangerous Lady Quaker Deborah Moody:  Only [Woman] to Found a Colony (17th C American Women)
  • Wick, Steve.  "A Man Hated and Hailed:  Englishman John Underhill Led the Slaughter of Indians in Defense of European Settlers"  (Long Island, Our Story).  Newsday, November 7, 1997:  p. A 20.

--  First [Successful] English Settlement [in NYS] Debate, 1640-Present

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Furio, Joanne.  "Who Came First?  Dispute Over Priority."  New York Times, January 1, 1989:  pp. 1, 6.
  • Keene, Robert.  Who Were Those First Settlers, ed. by Randall Lee Saxon.  Bridgehampton, NY:  Hampton Press, Inc., 1984. -- The view from Southampton.
  • Wick, Steve.  "New Life to an Old Argument."  Newsday, June 12, 1990:  pp. 7, 30. -- Southampton vs. Southold -- who settled first?

--  History -- Kieft's War, 1643-1645

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Santvoord, Peter L. Van.  "The 'Battle' of Fort Neck."  Long Island Forum, 28(12)  December 1965:  pp. 231-232.
  • Usinger, Eric.  "From Fort Neck to Harbor Green:  A Tale of the Massapequa Indians."  Massapequa Observer, online ed., April 4, 1998
  • Wick, Steve.  "Blood Flows, War Threatens:  Violence Escalates as a Dutch Craftsman is Murdered and Indians are Massacred"  (Long Island:  Our Story).  Newsday, November 6, 1987:  p. A 18.  

-- History, 1650-1659
             See also  Flushing Remonstrance

  • Bayles, Thomas R.  "N. Shore Land Deal Mede in 1655:  Settlers Met Indian Chiefs."  Patchogue Advance, July 31, 1947:  p. 1.  -- Founding of Brookhaven Town 
  • The First Anglo-Dutch War, 1651-1654:  To War, Over Restraint of Trade:  England vs. The Netherlands [PowerPoint slide]
  • Wick, Steve.  "The Settler and the Sachem:  Lion Gardiner Finds a 3,000-Acre Island for His Home and Forges a Friendship with Wyandanch" (Long Island:  Our Story).  Newsday, November 10, 1997:  [n.p.].
  • "Wyandanch's Gift" (Long Island:  Our Story).  Newsday,  [n.d.]:  p. A 58. -- Deed to Lion Gardiner, for land between Huntington and Setauket  

--  History, 1660-1669

  • Gibbs, Iris and Alonzo Gibbs.  "Roots of Liberty"  Long Island Forum, 40(7) Julu 1977:  pp. 128-135.  
  • Hempstead Convention  (Wikipedia) 
  • McCarthy, Molly.  "John Scott, Scoundrel:  A Southampton Tax Official Passes Himself Off as Owner of Nearly One-Third of Long Island."  Newsday, [?], 2005.
  • New York (State).  Archives.  "Petition of the Earl of Sterling Against the Dutch Intruding on Long Island" [May 31, 1661].  In  Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New-York; Procured in Holland, England and France, by John Romelyn Brodhead, esq, Agent....(London Documents, v.3).  Albany:  Weed, Parsons and Co., Printers, 1853:  pp. 57-61.
  • New York (State).  Archives.  "Private Instructions to Coll. R. Nicoll &c." In  Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New-York; Procured in Holland, England and France, by John Romelyn Brodhead, esq, Agent....(London Documents, v.3).  Albany:  Weed, Parsons and Co., Printers, 1853:  pp. 57-61.
  • [Rothenberg, Mark.]  "The Devil's Christmas in Seatalcott, 1664:  Ralph & Mary Hall Tried for Witchcraft -- Summary, October 2, 1665."  [1 PowerPoint slide]

---  History -- Second Anglo-Dutch War, 1665-1667

  • New York (State).  Archives.  "Colonel Nicholls to the Magistrates, &c., of the Eastern Parts of Long Island" [July 19, 1667].  In  Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New-York; Procured in Holland, England and France, by John Romelyn Brodhead, esq, Agent....(London Documents, v.3).  Albany:  Weed, Parsons and Co., Printers, 1853:  pp. 157-158. -- putting the militia on a war footing

-- History, 1670-1679

  • New York (State).  Archives.  "Warrant Authorizing Governor Andros to Seize Colonel Lovelace's Estate" [August 6, 1674].  In  Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New-York; Procured in Holland, England and France, by John Romelyn Brodhead, esq, Agent....(London Documents, v.3).  Albany:  Weed, Parsons and Co., Printers, 1853:  pp. 226-227.
  • New-York Province.  Executive Council.   Official Minutes [March 9, 1671].  In  New York (State).  Archives.  Documents Relative to the Colonial History of the State of New-York; Procured in Holland, England and France, by John Romelyn Brodhead, esq, Agent....(London Documents, v.3).  Albany:  Weed, Parsons and Co., Printers, 1853: p. [?].  -- Describes Long Islanders, generally, as:  "ill mynded people who take delight to breed disturbances and to infuse ill principles unto the myndes of his Majesties good subjects." 

--- History - Third Anglo-Dutch War, 1672-1674

--- History - King Philip's War, 1675-1676

  • DeRiggi, Mildred Murphy.  "Refuge in King Philip's War."  Long Island Forum, 44(3) March 1981:  pp. 58-59.
  • Part VII:   From Stuart to Orange Sovereignty, 1675-1691 (Brookhaven Town at 350 Years), comp. and ed. by Mark Rothenberg (Patchogue-Medford Library.  Celia M. Hastings Local History Room)

-- History, 1680-1689

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Bailey, Paul.  "Colonial Long Island."  Long Island Forum, 21(3) March 1958:  pp. 43-44, 49, 53-56.
  • Luke, Myron H.  "Eastern Long Island, 1683."  Long Island Forum, 46(11) November 1983:  pp. 209-218.
  • "Lovejoy, David S.  "Equality and Empire:  The New York Charter of Libertyes, 1683."  William & Mary Quarterly, 21(4) October 1964:  pp. 493-515.

-- History - King William's War, 1688-1697

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Manton, Paul.  "Long Island and the Battle of the Boyne."  Long Island Forum, 62(2) Spring 1999:  pp. 4-12.
  • Judd, Jacob.  "Lord Bellomont and Captain Kidd:  A Footnote to an Entangled Alliance."  New-York Historical Society Quarterly,47(1) January 1963:  pp. 67-74.
  • Wick, Steve.  "The Legend of Capt. Kidd" (Long Island:  Our Story).  Newsday, November 26, 1997:  n.p. 

-- Queen Anne's War, 1702-1715

  • Strong, Kate W.  "Shore Raiders of 1709" (True Tales).  Long Island Forum, 10(7) July 1947:  p. 135.
  • Strong, Kate W.  "A Letter of 1709."  Long Island Forum, 10(8) August 1947:  p. 153.

-- History - King George's War, 1744-1748

---  PML Catalog Sampler:

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

-- History - French & Indian War, 1754-1763   [Seven Years' War]

---  L.I. Vertical File Sampler:

  • Jere, Austin.  "Serendipity, from the Diary of Joshua Hempstead."  Long Island Forum, 31(11) November 1968:  pp.  206-207.  -- Briefly notes Col. George Washington's March 1758 passage Brom Boston to New London, to L.I., en route to Virginia.  Washington's actions had started the French and Indian War, and he was charged with the construction and defense of a line of forts defending Virginia's Shenandoah frontier.  He was also jockeying for a position in an expedition to take Fort Duquesne, having been with Braddock's failed expedition, earlier, and acquitted himself well, when under ambush.   
  • McCarthy, Molly.  "Measuring [Benjamin] Franklin's Impact:  The Statesman and Inventor Came to Long Island, but did He Set Mile Markers Himself? (Long Island: Our Story).  Newsday, December 5, 1997:  p. [A 17?].
  • Mitra, Steve.  "Ben Franklin's Mile Markers Bolstered:  Town Doesn't Have to Pay Anything."  Newsday, August 14, 1991:  p. 26. 
  • "The Participation of Long Island in the War[s] with France."  In  History of Suffolk County, New York, with Illustrations, Portraits, and Sketches of Families and Individuals.  New York:  W.W. Munsell and Co., 1882.   
  • Russell, Daniel E.  "Queens Militia at Ticonderoga" [1758].  Long Island Forum, 44(2) February 1981:  pp. 36-37.
  • Schneider, Louis H.  "Francis Lewis, Patriot."  Long Island Forum, 32(4) April 1969:  p. 70 [3rd column, 3rd and 4th paragraphs recount his capture at Ft. Ontario, close calls with death, and and imprisonment on two continents]
  • Staudt, John G.  "Immigrants, Indians, and Idle Men:  Long Island's 'Rabble in Arms' in the French and Indian War."  Long Island History Journal, 11(2) Spring 1999:  pp. 178-189. 
  • "True Copy of the Will of Josiah Woodhull -- 1761."  Suffolk County Historical Society.  Register, 11(1):  pp. 15-17.
  • Welch, Richard F.  "Francis Lewis, Conservative Revolutionary, Part 1."  Long Island Forum, 48(9) September 1985:  p. 181 [3rd column, 2nd paragraph briefly recounts his F&I War experiences and captivity]

--  PML Catalog Sampler:

--  Indians

--  Muster Rolls

  • New York (State).  Historian.  "Appendix H." In  Second Annual Report of the Historian of the State of New York, 1896.  Albany, NY:  [s.n.], 1897.  -- Appendix H = Muster Rolls, 1664-1760.
  • New York (State).  Historian.  "Appendix M."  In  Third Annual Report of the Historian of the State of New York, 1897.  Albany, NY:  [s.n.], 1898.  -- Appendix M = Muster Rolls, 1776-1785

-- New Netherland

  • Long Island (New Netherland Institute.  A Virtual Tour of New Netherland)

--  Social Life and customs

---  PML Catalog Sampler:

-- Suffolk County [East Riding of Yorkshire]

  • "List of Freeholders in Suffolk County 27 FFebruary [sic] 1737." In  Documentary History of the State of New-York, v. 4, arranged under the direction of Hon. Christopher Morgan, by E.B. Callaghan.  Albany, NY:  Charles van Benthuysen, Public Printer, 1851:  pp. 200-204. 

-- Taxation

  • Mulford, Samuel.  "A Fisherman Out of Water" (Part 2). Newsday, February 8, 1995:  n.p. -- 1716 tax grievance
  • Rate Lists of Long Island, 1675, 1676 and 1683, comp. by E.B. O'Callaghan.  Albany, NY; Salem, MA: Weed, Parsons, and Co.; Higginson Book Co., 1849, repr, 1998.

--  Towns

  • Baldwin, Richard P. "No Person Shall Act Prejudicial to the Town's Authority."  Long Island Forum, 66(3) Summer 2003:  pp. 5-14. 

--  Treaty of Hartford, 1650 

  • Cohen, Ronald D.  "The Hartford Treaty of 1650:  Anglo-Dutch Cooperation in the Seventeenth Century."  New York Historical Society Quarterly, 53(4) October 1969:  pp. 311-332. 

--  Whaling

---  PML Catalog Sampler:

--  Yorkshire