Hollywood & History in AMC’s TURN: Washington's Spies: Some Readings & Contexts

Hollywood & History in AMC's 

TURN:  Washington's Spies:

The Culper  (Setauket) Spy Ring:  Some Readings & Contexts

(The  Real Role of Long Island, NY, in the American Revolution)

Comp. & ed. by Mark H. Rothenberg, Local History  Liaison,

The Patchogue-Medford Library  & Suffolk Cooperative Library System

[A Note on Subject Heading colors below:  Medium Blue = Patriots /Revolutionaries; Red = British; Green = Loyalist; Light Blue = French; Prussian Blue = Germans / "Hessians"; Black = Neutral (mostly Long Island geographic names)]

 

        AMC's TURN:  Washington's Spies, is now in its 4th (and Final) Season, which started on June 17th, with a double episode (9-11 p.m.), and will end with its final episode on August 11th, 2017.  The 2 remaining episodes air on the next 4 Saturdays.  Seasons 1-3 are available on DVD.  Check with your library to see if they have circulating copies.  If you have Cablevision, Season 4 back episodes became available (via Channel 500 --> Entertainment --> AMC --> TURN) a day or two after they first appeared.  The Season 4 DVD might appear in or by early 2018.  Editorial comment:  The acting in the series is quite fine, but the plot is largely fiction, though what actually happened on and off Long Island (and related to it) during the war, is just as fascinating.  This web page designed to help sort fact from fiction, in TURN:  Washington's Spies, while also introducing L.I.'s significant role in the war that forged the United States.

 

NOTE:   The first four entries below are True/Flase Quizes.  For more detailed answers than just a simple true or false, look for links under the subject headings (below) that cover the same topic(s) in the quiz(zes).  

 

  • True or False in AMC's TURN:  Washington's Spies [Season 4 Quiz:  2017]  (Patchogue-Medford Library.  Celia M. Hastings Local History Room), comp. & ed. by Mark Rothenberg -- prepared after episodes first publicly aired.  Episode-by-episode, True or False statements, with Answers below. Answers are fleshed out in the Hollywood and History in AMC's TURN:  Washington's Spies web page (below)
  • True or False in AMC's TURN:  Washington's Spies [Season 3 Quiz:  2016]   (Patchogue-Medford Library.  Celia M. Hastings Local History Room), comp. & ed. by Mark Rothenberg -- prepared after episodes publicly air. Episode-by-episode, True or False statements, with Answers below, usually appearing on Tuesday afternoons, immediately following the episode's airing the previous night.  Answers are fleshed out in the Hollywood and History in AMC's TURN:  Washington's Spies web page (below).  
  • True or False in AMC's TURN:  Washington's Spies  [Season 2 Quiz:  2015]  (Patchogue-Medford Library.  Celia M. Hastings Local History Room),  comp. & ed. by Mark Rothenberg -- Episode-by-episode, True or False statements, with Answers below, much of it fleshed out in the, the Hollywood and History in AMC's TURN:  Washington's Spies web page (below)
  • True or False in AMC's TURN  [Season 1 Quiz:  2014]  (Patchogue-Medford Library.  Celia M. Hastings Local History Room), comp. & ed. by Mark Rothenberg  -- Episode-by-episode, True or False statements, Answers below, most of it fleshed out in this, the Hollywood and History in AMC's TURN web page (below)
  • TURN to a Historian (SpyCurious.com) -- excellent critical articles, tied to many themes portrayed in the AMC series, sorting fact from fiction; commentary on each season's accuracy -- facts, chronology, portrayals, actual vs. televised military units and uniforms, period customs, period accents...etc.  An esp. useful Topic Index has ben added.  -- Highly recommended.   Many articles are by historian Todd Braisted, webmaster of  the On-Line Institute for Advanced Loyalist Studies (also highly recommended, containing many primary sources).  
  • It Happened in Setauket...General Washington's Culper Spy Ring (Emma S. Clark Memorial Library) -- Clickable map, Culper Spy Ring-themed walking tour, by historian, Beverly Tyler, with recommended readings (adult, young, adult, and children's), recommended websites, and a bicentennial commemorative coin.  Prepared by Setauket's own Library, directly across from the village green, site of the 1777 Battle of Setauket. -- Highly recommended, particularly for those considering a trip to Setauket.
  • Spies! [video lecture], by historian Bev Tyler, delivered before the Greater Patchogue Historical Society, at Patchogue-Medford Library, on 4/16/15 (recorded by the Citizens Campaign for Open Village Government). -- Tour de force lecture on the real Culper Spy Ring (of Setauket), during the American Revolutionary War.  (Scroll down slightly to the video, then click.)  Bev Tyler is a distinguished, published local historian, active in the Three Village Historical Society, who is a frequent leader and speaker at Brookhaven Town historical events, and also leads summer tours of the Three Village area of L.I., including one on Setauket sites associated with the Culper Spy Ring, for which he appears in period costume, portraying Abraham Woodhull.  In this lecture he presents the Ring and its activities, revealing many instances in which AMC's TURN either got it right, got it wrong, or woefully wrong, and how it has bolstered national interest and local tourism.
  • Tyler, Beverly.  The Setauket Spy Ring Story.  Setauket, NY:  The Author, 2014  (Beverly Tyler). -- A fine, succinct overview by the historian-Abraham Woodhull reenactor-Three Village /Setauket tour guide, who has studied it backward and forward. 
  • Welch, Richard F.  "Televising History:  The Case of TURN" (Engaging with the Past).  Journal of the Suffolk County Historical Society, v. 30 (March 2016):  pp. 33-36. -- A thought provoking article that raises good questions, esp. about popular perceptions of historical reality, respect and disrespect for the past. -- One minor observation:  The article claims that there is no evidence of local blacks serving in Tory military units (p. 35). There is at least one instance, buried in Onderdonck.  He writes that in a November 6, 1776 raid on Setauket harbor, 23 men of Col. [Jacob] Smith's understrength company of Tory militia (Delancey's Brigade) were captured (Smith included), and taken to Connecticut.  "The prisoners are a motley herd, half being negroes and Indians."
  • Daigler, Kenneth A.  Spies, Patriots, and Traitors:  American Intelligence in the Revolutionary War.  Washington, DC:  Georgetown University Press, 2014. -- Non-Fiction and LI REF 973.385 DAI. -- Presents the L.I. spy ring in broader context; See esp. Culper Ring entries in the Index, p. 304.  The skills that Washington learned by hard knocks in the French and Indian War, while not covered in TURN, form the first chapter.  His experiences seeking and attempting to gather adequate, reliable intelligence on the Ohio River, at Ft. Necessity, on the Monongahela, and in attempting to guard the porous frontier of the Shenandoah Valley from mobile Indian attacks, were formative.  It affected how closely he managed his spies, during the Revolution.
 
"Agent 355" 
 
       The Culper Spy Ring code book lists "355" as meaning "lady," and while much speculation abounds, and definite and conflicting conclusions have been drawn (and quartered) relating to both her identity and significance of her contributions, as well as to her fate, and even offspring, the sole evidence for any of this is the one-time veiled, though promisingly complimentary, use of the term 355.        

 

American Militia, Minutemen, Colonial/State Line Regulars, Continentals (from and on L.I.)

 

American Legion

         See also  Arnold, Benedict

 

The American Turtle (early submarine) 

          See  Bushnell, David

 

 

Amherst, Sir Jeffrey, 1717-1797  [per French & Indian War incident, mentioned in TURN]

 

Andre, John, 1750-1780 

          See also   Arnold, Benedict

                          Arnold, Margaret "Peggy" Shippen

                          Clinton, Sir Henry

                          Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                         Raynham Hall

                         Tallmadge, Benjamin

                         Townsend, Sally

                         Townsend, Robert

                         Washington, George

                         West Point, NY

                         Woodhull, Abraham

   

Arnold, Benedict, 1741-1801

         See also   Andre, John

                         Arnold, Margaret "Peggy" Shippen

                         Blandford, Battle of, 1781

                         Danbury Raid, 1777

                         Gates, Horatio

                         New London & Groton Heights Raid, 1781

                         Philadelphia, PA

                         Phillips, William

                         Richmond, Raid on, 1781

                         Washington, George

                         West Point, NY

 

Arnold, Margaret "Peggy" Shippen, 1760-1804

         See also   Andre, John 

                         Arnold, Benedict

                         Philadelphia, PA

                         Washington, George

 

The Asscociation, Signers & Objectors

      See also  Loyalty Oaths, American

 

Barras, Jacques Melchior Saint-Laurent, Compte de, 1719-1793 

       See also   Grasse, Francois Joseph Paul, de

                       Yorktown, Campaign, Siege, and Surrender, 1781

 

Beaumarchais, Pierre August Caron de, 1732-1799

 

Black Hole of Calcutta

 

Blandford, VA, Battle of, 1781

        See also   Arnold, Benedict

                        Phillips, William

 

Bladensburg, MD, Battle, 1814   [War of 1812]

  • Battle of Bladensburg (Town of Bladensburg, MD)  -- Where Abraham Woodhull's non-exitent son, Thomas , supposedly died. 

 

Blue Point, NY

 

Brewster, Caleb, 1747-1827

       See also  Brewster Family

                      DeLancey, Oliver, Jr.

                      Marks, Nehemiah

                      Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                      Strong, Anna Smith                      

                      Tallmadge, Benjamin

                      Tallmadge Raid, 1780

                      Washington, George

                      Woodhull, Abraham

 

Brewster Family

        See also  Genealogical Disinformation in TURN



Brookhaven (NY : Town)

        See also  Drowned Meadow, NY [later Port Jefferson, NY]

                       Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                       Setauket, NY 

                       Tallmadge, Benjamin  

Burial Traditions, British

  • Early Practice (The British Empire.  Imperial and Commonweath War Graves and Cemeteries:  Honouring the Fallen) 

 

Burr, Aaron, 1756-1836

       See also  Arnold, Margaret "Peggy" Shippen

 

Bushnell, David, 1742-1824  [submarine inventor]

 

Camden, Battle of, 1780

        See  Gates, Horatio

 

 

Capes, Battles of the Virginia, 1781

 

Cato

       See also  Mulligan, Hercules

 

Champe, John, 1752-1798

        See also  Arnold Benedict

                       Washington, George

 

Chesapeake, Battle of the, 1781 

       See   Capes, Battles of the Virginia, 1781

 

Churchill, Elijah, 1755-1841  [recipient of the first purple heart, for actions at Fort St.

       George and Fort Franklin, on Long Island]

       See also  Fort Franklin

                      Tallmadge Raid, 1780

 

Clinton, George, 1739-1812

 

Clinton, Sir Henry, 1738-1795 (Commander, British Forces, North America, 1778-1782)

           See also   Andre, John, 1750-1780

                         Arnold, Benedict

 

Codes, Secret

            See also     Jay, Sir James

                              Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                              Sympathetic Stain

                              Tallmadge, Benjamin

                              Townsend, Robert

                              Washington, George

                              Woodhull, Abraham

 

Committees of Safety

  • New York (The Middle Colonies).  (Committees of Protection, Correspondence and Safety)

 

Company of Armed Boatmen  [Loyalist]

       See also  Fort Franklin

                      Lloyd Neck

 

Connecticut

         See also   Brewster, Caleb

                         Company of Armed Boatmen [Tory]

                         Danbury Raid, 1777

                         Meigs, Return Jonathan

                         New Haven Fairfield Norwalk (Tryon's) Raid, 1779

                         New London and Groton Heights Raid, 1781

                         Tallmadge, Benjamin

                         Trumbull, Jonathan

                         Whaleboat Warfare

 

Conway Cabal

       See also  Gates, Horatio

                       Washington, George

 

Coram, NY

         See   Tallmadge Raid, 1780

         See also    Brewster, Caleb

                          Tallmadge, Benjamin

                          Washington, George         

 

         Note:  While the usual emphasis is on the capture of Loyalist-held Fort St. George in Mastic, destruction of the hay forage at Coram was the prime objective to George Washington.  Why?  Think horses, fodder, and mobility of armed forces, artillery, supplies, and ordinance, for British defense of Long Island and projecting raids across the New England coast.

 

 

Cornwallis, Charles, Earl, 1738-1805

         See also   Capes, Battle of the Virginia, 1781

                       Lafayette, Marie-Joseph PaulYves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de,

                       Rochambeau, Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de

                       Washington, George

                       Yorktown, Campaign, Siege, and Surrender, 1781

 

 

 

Counterfeiting

        See also  Dawkins, Henry

                       Hickey, Thomas

 

Cowboys and Skinners

        See   Neutral Ground

        See also   Westchester County, NY

 

 

HMS Culloden   [a 74-gun 3rd rate ship-of-the-line; shipwrecked off what is now called Culloden Point.  Note:  One of several ships that bore that name; sometimes mis-characterized as a frigate, which would have been a smaller ship with fewer guns; this was a line-of-battle ship (in effect, one of the Royal Navy battleships of its day.] 

 

 

Culper Spy Day [Setauket-Stony Brook, 2015, 2016, & 2017]

 

Culper Spy Ring 

        See   Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

 

 

Danbury Raid, 1777

        See also  Arnold, Benedict 

                       Tryon, William

 

Dawkins, Henry

          See also   Counterfeiting

                          Hickey, Thomas, d. 1776

 

Dayton, Ebenezer, 1744-1827

 

DeLancey, Oliver, Sr., 1708-1785

         See also   DeLancey, Olver, Jr., 1749-1822

                         Drowned Meadow, NY

                        Marks, Nathaniel, 1746-1799

DeLancey, Oliver, Jr., 1749-1822  [17th Dragoon Regiment, later Gen. Clinton's Adjutant General)

         See also   DeLancey, Olver, Jr., 1749-1822

                          Long Island, Battle of, 1776

 

DeLancey's Brigade

           See  DeLancey, Oliver, Sr., 1708-1785

 

Drowned Meadow, NY  [later Port Jefferson, NY]

         See also  DeLancey, Oliver, Jr.

                        Marks, Nehemiah, 1746-1799

                        Roe, Nathaniel & Phillips Roe

  • Barkley, Giselle.  "Drowned Meadow:  Port Jefferson Finds Its Place in Spy Ring History."  (TBR Newsmedia, September 28, 2015)
  • Cohen, Lon.  "Centuries-Old Roe House Opens as Museum:  More than 250 Yers After It was Built in Port Jeff, Roe House Becomes Centerpiece of Exhibit."  (Port Jefferson Patch, October 5, 2011)
  • Leuzzi, Linda.  "A Letter of Significance" (North Bellport/Port Jefferson).  Long Island Advance, October 22, 2015:  p. 19.  -- The Roes of Drowned Meadow were denounced to loyalist Col. Oliver DeLancey, for providing supplies and intelligence to the rebels, notably to Caleb Brewster (who we now know was a member of the Culper Spy Ring). The fact that they were also relatives of Austin Roe, in nearby Setauket, and that the Culper Spy Ring was a tightly-knit circle of relatives and friends (what today would be called a "cell"), and that that Brewster vouched for their steadfast loyalty after the war, in a claims case, all are strongly suggestive that they were either directly or indirectly part of the Ring, or assisted it.  In either case, it was a very dangerous undertaking for anyone behind British lines.  They were ordered to be kept under observation.  

 

East Hampton (NY : Town)

        See also  Sag Harbor, NY

Espionage

        See also  Andre, John

                      Arnold, Benedict

                     Arnold, Margaret “Peggy” Shippen

                     Brewster, Caleb

                     Champe, John

                     Committees of Safety

                     Codes, Secret

                     Jay, Sir James

                     Lee, Charles

                     Mulligan, Hercules

                     Rivington, James

                     Roe, Austin

                     Roe, Nathaniel and Phillips Roe

                     Sackett, Nathaniel

                     Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                     Simcoe, John Graves

                     Strong, Anna Smith

                     Sympathetic Stain

                     Tallmadge, Benjamin

                     Townsend, Robert

                     Townsend, Sally

                     Washington, George

                     Woodhull, Abraham

 

Fairfield, CT, Raid on, 1779

      See  New Haven, Fairfield, Norwalk Raid, 1779

               

 

Flatboats (British)

        See also    Howe, Richard "Black Dick", Earl

                         Long Island [or Brooklyn], Battle of, 1776

                        New York-New Jersey Campaign, 1776 

 

Fort Franklin  [Lloyd Neck] [Named not after Benjamin, but for his estranged son William

        Franklin, deposed Royal Governor of New Jersey, a leading Loyalist.]

 

        See also   Franklin, Benjamin & William Franklin

                        Lloyd's Neck 

 

Fort Golgotha  [Huntington, NY]

        See also  Huntington (NY : Town)

                      Thompson, Benjamin

 

Fort St. George [Mastic Beach, NY]

         See  Tallmadge, Benjamin

               Tallmadge Raid, 1780

 

 

Fort Griswold, Groton, CT

        See New London and Groton Heights Raid, 1781

 

Fort Slongo (or Fort Salonga)  [Northport, NY]

 

Fort Setauket  [Setauket, NY]

       See also   Hewlett, Richard

                       Setauket, Battle of, 1777

                       Setauket, NY

  •  History  (Setauket Presbyterian Church) – during the Revolution, fortified, desecrated, used as a stable
  • Setauket Presbyterian Church  (Three Village Central School District)

 

Fort Stanwix, Siege of, 1777  [today's Rome, NY]

      See   Arnold, Benedict

 

 

Fort Ticonderoga, American Seizure of, 1775

      See  Arnold, Benedict

 

 

Forts, American

  • Roberts, Robert B.  “Brooklyn.” In  New York’s Forts in the Revolution.  Rutherford, NJ:  Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 1980:  pp. 243-255.  -- Local History:  NY REF 974.703  ROB

 

Forts, British

       See also  Sag Harbor Fort

  • Griffin, David M.  Lost British Forts of Long Island.  Charleston, SC:  History Press, 2017.  LI REF & New Item Area 974.721 GRI 
  • Roberts, Robert B.  “The Long Island Forts:  Sag Harbor Fort, Fort Setauket, Oyster Bay Encampment, Fort Franklin, Fort St. George, Fort Slongo, Fort Golgotha, Nassau and Suffolk Counties.” In  New York’s Forts in the Revolution.  Rutherford, NJ:  Farleigh Dickinson University Press, 1980:  pp. 243-255.  -- Local History:  NY REF 974.703  ROB

 

 

Floyd, William, 1734-1821 (of Mastic, NY), Signer of the Declaration of Independence

        See also  Brookhaven (NY : Town) -- includes a section with frequent mention of Floyd

                       Brewster, Caleb

 

Franklin, Benjamin, 1706-1790 & William Franklin, 1730-1813

       See also  Fort Franklin

 

Gardiners Island

 

Gates, Horatio, 1726-1806

        See also    Arnold, Benedict

                         Conway Cabal

                         Washington, George

 

Genealogical Disinformation in TURN

           See also  Brewster Family

                          Hewlett Family

                          Simcoe, John Graves

                          Strong Family

                          Tallmadge Family

                          Woodhull Family

                          under surnames of key American historical figures

 

George III, King of Great Britain, 1738-1820

 

Good Ground, NY  [today's Hampton Bays, NY]

         See also  Sounthampton (N.Y. : Town)

 

Grasse, Francois Joseph Paul de, 1723-1788

         See   Capes, Battle of the Virginia, 1781

                 Yorktown, Campaign, Siege, and Surrender, 1781

                 Washington, George

         See also  Barras, Jacques Melchior Saint-Laurent, Compte de

 

 

Great Britain.  Navy

           See also   Danbury Raid, 1777

                           Flatboats (British)

                           Hewlett, Richard

                           Howe, Richard ("Black Dick"), Earl

                           Long Island Sound

                           New Haven, Fairfield, Norwalk (Tryon's) Raid, 1779

                           New London & Groton Heights Raid, 1781

                           Newport, RI

                           Whaleboat Warfare



[Great] South Bay 

       See  Dayton, Ebenezer

       See also  Blue Point, NY

                      Tallmadge Raid, 1780

 

Greenport, NY

           See    Arnold, Benedict

           See also    New London and Groton Heights Raid, 1781

 

 

Hale, Nathan, 1755-17

           See also   Halesite, NY

                         Huntington (NY : Town)

                               Rogers, Robert

 

Halesite, NY

          See also  Hale, Nathan

                        Rogers, Robert

 

Hamilton, Alexander, 1757-1804

      See also   Arnold, Benedict

                      Tallmadge, Benjamin

                      Washington, George

 

Hammon, Jupiter

          See Lloyd Neck

 

 

Hampton Bays, NY

          See  Good Ground, NY

 

 

Hempstead (NY : Town)

         See also    Hempstead Swamp, Battle of, 1775

                          Hewlett, Richard 

  • McKenna, James M.  "The Hempstead Plains:  A Capital Field for Military Exercises, 1700-1898."  In  Nassau County:  From Rural Hinterland to Suburban Metropolis (Hofstra University.  Long Island Studies Institute), ed. by Joann P. Krier and Natalie A. Naylor.  pp. 143-149.  Interlaken, NY:  Empire Books, 2000. 
  • “Town of Hempstead in the Revolution.”  In The Roots and Heritage of Hempstead Towned. by Natalie A. Naylor, prepared under the auspices of Hofstra University.  Interlaken, NY:  Heart of the Lakes Publishing, 1994:  pp. 109-121.  Non-Fiction; Circ. Storage; LI REF  974.7425  T-HEMP ROO

 

Hempstead Swamp, Battle of, 1775 

        See also  Hempstead (NY : Town)

                      Hewlett, Richard        

 

"Hessians"  [A partly inaccurate collective name for mercenaries hired from ruling houses

           of Hesse-Cassel, Hesse-Hanau, Brunswick and other German principalities, generally

           wearing blue or black uniforms, and occasionally (hunter) green (jaeger) uniforms; to

           supplement a shortfall in British troop recruiting and enlistments, in a not so popular

           war]  

 

Hewlett, Richard, 1733-1789  [Edmund Hewlett is a fiction, and his scientific interests, while different, may be an effort to blend him with Benjamin Thompson (see below).  Richard Hewlett was the real commander at Fort Setauket, a loyalist, and his stay was relatively short, nor is he known for any blood feud with Simcoe]

 

        See also    DeLancey, Oliver, Sr.

                         Fort Setauket               

                         Hempstead Swamp, Battle of, 1776

                         Strong, Selah

 

Hewlett Family

        See also  Genealogical Disinformation in TURN

 

Hickey, Thomas, d.1776

        See also  Counterfeiting

                       Dawkins, Henry

                       Washington, George

 

Howe, Richard ["Black Dick"], Earl, 1726-1799  [Admiral, British Invasion Fleet, 1776-1778]

         See also  Bushnell, David

                        Flatboats

                        Howe, William, Viscount, 1729-1814

 

Howe, William, Viscount, 1729-1814  (Commander, British Forces, North America, 1776-1778)

            See also   Andre, John, 1750-1780

                            Clinton, Sir Henry, 1738-1795

                            Flatboats

                            HMS Culloden

                            Howe, Richard ["Black Dick"], Earl, 1726-1799

                            Lee, Charles

                            Long Island (Brooklyn), Battle of, 1776

                            New York-New Jersey Campaign, 1776

                            Washington, George

 

Huntington (NY : Town)  -- then included what would later become the Town of Babylon

           See also   Fort Golgotha

                         Hale, Nathan

                         Rogers, Robert

                         Thomson, Benjamin

 

Iroquois

         See also   Rogers, Robert

 

Islip (NY : Town)

 

Jameson, John, 1751-1810

 

Jay, Sir James, 1732-1813

       See also  Sympathetic Stain

 

Jefferson, Thomas, 1743-1826

 

Kings American Dragoons

          See also  Thompson, Benjamin

 

Kings County (Brooklyn), NY

          See also  Long Island (Brooklyn), Battle of, 1776

 

Kosciuszko, Tadeusz, 1746-1817

 

Lafayette, Marie-Joseph PaulYves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de, 1757-1834

          See also  Arnold, Benedict 

                         Cornwallis, Lord Charles

                         Simcoe, John Graves

                         Washington, George

 

Lee, Charles, 1731-1782

        See also  Washingtoin, George

 

Lee, William ("Billy"), 1750-1828

         See also   Washington, George

 

Lloyd Neck

         See also   Fort Franklin

                         Hammon, Jupiter

 

 

Long Island, NY 

         See also  Kings County

                        Queens County

                        Suffolk County

 

          See also Under  individual names of Long Island towns and villages

 

Long Island [or Brooklyn], Battle of, 1776

         See also  New York-New Jersey Campaign, 1776

                        Washington, George

                        Woodhull, Nathaniel 

 

Long Island Indians

 

Long Island Sound  (a/k/a  the Devil's Belt, during this period)

         See also   Whaleboat Warfare [Privateering and Piracy]

 

Longwood Area (of Suffolk County) -- Coram, Middle Island, Ridge, & Yaphank

 

Loyalty Oaths, American -- Brookhaven (N.Y. : Town)



Loyalty Oaths, British [to the British Crown]

       See also  Loyalists

 

Loyalists

        See also  Arnold, Benedict

                       Arnold, Margaret (Peggy) Shippen

                       DeLancey, Oliver, Jr.

                       DeLancey, Oliver, Sr.

                       Hewlett, Richard

                       Hickey, Thomas

                       Loyalty Oaths, British

                       Marks, Nehemiah, Sr.

                       Rogers, Robert

                       Simcoe, John Graves

                       Thompson, Benjamin

                       Washington, Henry

 

Marks, Nehemiah, Sr. (1746-1799)

        See also  Brewster, Caleb

                       DeLancey, Oliver, Jr.

                       Drowned Meadow, NY  [later Port Jefferson, NY]

                       Roe, Nathaniel and Phillips Roe

 

Mastic, NY

          See   Floyd, William

 

Mastic Beach, NY

          See    Tallmadge, Benjamin   [per the taking of Fort St. George]

 

Manor of St. George  

        [Note:  Judge William "Tangier" Smith built colonial manor houses on both the north and south shores of Brookhaven Town.  The latter was fortified by Tories, and taken during the Tallmadge Raid, of 1780]

 

          See    Setauket, NY         

                   Tallmadge Raid, 1780

 

Many Mickles Makes a Muckle 

 

Meigs, Return Jonathan, 1740-1823

           See also  Sag Harbor, Battle of, 1777  [Meigs' Raid] 

 

Mulligan, Hercules, 1740-1825

        See also   Cato

 

Music

 

The Neutral Ground  ("No Man's Land"]

 

New Haven, Fairfield, Norwalk (Tryon's) Raid, 1779

         See also   Danbury Raid, 1777

                         Tryon, William

 

New London & Groton Heights Raid, 1781 -- led by Benedict Arnold, from Greenport, L.I.

 

New York-New Jersey Campaign, 1776

 

        See also  Long Island [or Brooklyn], Battle of, 1776

 

New York, NY

 

New York (State).   Office of the Comptroller

 

New York (State).  Committee and Commission for Detecting and Defeating Conspiracies

 

Newport, RI

  • The Culper Spy Ring was Not the First to Warn the French at Newport, by Christian McBurney (Journal of the American Revolution, Dec. 9, 2014)  -- True enough, but Alexander Hamilton's rider did provide official confirmation, and the French Army and Navy appear to already have been prepared to receive an attack.  Of perhaps greater import was Washington's response to the Culper message.  He planted information that he was about to launch a major assault on New York (in the absence of the defending force sent to Newport, and demonstrate at the North end of Manhattan to reinforce that idea.  Clinton quickly recalled his invasion force back to New York, perhaps saving the Revolution, as well as the Franco-American Alliance (that Clinton had earlier intended to crush at one blow).       

 

North Hempstead (NY : Town)

 

Norwalk, CT, Raid on, 1779

        See  New Haven, Fairfield, Norwalk Raid, 1779

 

 

Occupation of Long Island, British

 

Oyster Bay (NY : Town)

       See also  Raynham Hall

  • Oyster Bay Historical Society.  “The Revolution.”  In  Oyster Bay:  A Sketch, rev. and emended for the Oyster Bay Historical Society by Jane Soames Nickerson.  Oyster Bay, NY:  The Society, 1987:  pp. 127-149.  LI REF  974.7425  T-OYBAY  IRV
  • Fort Hill Townsend Burying Ground  (Find-a-Grave-com)

 

Parsons, Samuel Holden, 1737-1789

         See also  Setauket, Battle of, 1777

 

 

Pennsylvania Line, Mutiny of the, 1781

         See also  Wayne, Anthony

 

 

Period Speech

 

Petersburg, Battle of, 1781

       See  Arnold, Benedict

              Blandford, Battle of, 1781

 

 

Philadelphia, PA

        See also  Andre, John 

                       Arnold, Benedict

                       Arnold, Margaret "Peggy" Shippen

                       Washington, George

 

Phillips, William

       See also   Arnold, Benedict

                       Blandford, Battle of, 1781

 

Port Jefferson, NY 

        See  De Lancey, Oliver, Sr.

               Drowned Meadow [later Port Jefferson], NY

               Marks, Nehemiah, 1746-1799

      

Privateering and Piracy

          See  Whaleboat Warfare  

 

Prisoners and Prisons, American

 

Quebec, Siege of, 1775

         See  Arnold, Benedict

 

Queens American Rangers

        See also  Rogers, Robert

                       Simcoe, John Graves

 

Queens County, NY  [during the Revolution, included the 2, then 3 towns forming present day Nassau Co.]

 

Raynham Hall (Oyster Bay, NY)

          See also  Townsend, Sally

                         Townsend, Robert

                         Townsend, Samuel

 

Richmond, VA, Raid on, 1781

        See also  Arnold, Benedict

 

Ridgefield, Battle of, 1777

      See  Danbury Raid

      See also  Arnold, Benedict

                     Tryon, William

 

Rivington, James, 1724-1802

 

Rochambeau, Jean Baptiste Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de, 1725-1807

        See also   Washington, George

 

Rocky Point, NY

 

Roe, Austin, 1739-1830

        See also    Drowned Meadow, NY [later, Port Jefferson, NY]

                         DeLancey, Oliver, Jr.

                        Roe, Nathaniel and Phillips Roe

                        Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

 

Roe, Nathaniel, 1737-1789 and Phillips Roe, b. 1729

        See also  DeLancey, Oliver, Jr.

                       Drowned Meadow [later Port Jefferson], NY

                       Marks, Nehemiah

                       Roe, Austin

                       Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

 

Rogers, Robert, 1731-1795

         See also    Hale, Nathan

                          Iroquois

                          Queens American Rangers

                          Simcoe, John Graves

  

Sackett, Nathaniel, 1737-1805

        See also   Codes, Secret

                        Tallmadge, Benjamin

                        Washington, George

 

Sag Harbor, Battle of, 1777

          See also  Meigs, Return Jonathan, 1740-1823

                        Sag Harbor Fort

 

Sag Harbor Fort  [Sag Harbor, NY]

         See   Meigs, Return Jonathan

                  Sag Harbor, Battle of , 1777

 

Saratoga, First and Second Battles of, 1777

        See   Arnold, Benedict

                Gates, Horatio

 

Setauket, NY

       See also  Brewster, Caleb

                      Hewlett, Richard

                      Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                      Fort Setauket [fortified and desecrated Presbyterian Church]

                      Simcoe, John Graves

                      Tallmadge, Benjamin

                      Woodhull, Abraham 

  • Abrams, Arnold.  “Family Honors Patriot Spies.”  Newsday, July 4, 1988:  p. 6.  – “Tangier” Smith-Strong Family, of St. George’s Manor, Setauket
  • Adkins, Edwin P.  “The Middle Years.”  In  Setauket:  The First Three Hundred Years, 1655-1955,  325th Anniversary ed.  Setauket, NY:  Setauket-Brookhaven Tercentennary Committee; Three Village Historical Society, 1955, repr. 1980:  pp. 29-54.   Non-Fiction; LI REF; Circ. Storage 974.725  V-SETAKT ADK
  • Barstow, Belle. “Setauket and the Revolution.”  In Setauket’s Religious Beginnings, with Epitaphs from the Presbyterian Church. Smithtown, NY:  Rost Associates, Inc., 1984:  pp. 65-80.   LI REF  974.725  V-SETAKT  BAR
  •  A Brief History of the Caroline Church  (Caroline Church of Brookhaven)  -- Episcopalian
  • Hevesi, Dennis.  “America’s First CIA:  Couriers, Whaleboats and Anna Strong’s Laundry” (Long Island:  The Way It Was).  Newsday, [n.d.], 1976:  pp. 17-18, 20.
  • Setauket During the Revolution [video]. (Emma S. Clark Memorial Library; YouTube)

 

Setauket, Battle of, 1777

       See also    Fort Setauket

                        Setauket, NY

                        Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

 

Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

        See also  "Agent 355"

                        Andre, John

                        Arnold, Benedict

                       Arnold, Margaret “Peggy” Shippen

                       Brewster, Caleb

                       Champe, John

                       Committees of Safety

                       Codes, Secret

                       Espionage

                       Jay, Sir James

                       Rivington, James

                       Roe, Austin

                       Strong, Anna Smith

                       Sympathetic Stain

                       Tallmadge, Benjamin

                      Townsend, Robert

                       Townsend, Sally

                       Washington, George

                       Woodhull, Abraham

 

Simcoe, John Graves, 1752-1806   

        See also  Genealogical Disinformation in TURN

                        Queens American Rangers

                        Rogers, Robert

 

Shelter Island (NY : Town)

Shippen, Margaret "Peggy"

          See  Arnold, Margaret "Peggy" Shippen

 

Shippen, Edward, IV  [Peggy Shippen's father]

 

Skinners and Cowboys

        See   Neutral Ground

 

Smithtown (NY : Town)

 

        See also  Fort Golgotha

 

Southampton  (NY : Town)  -- then included what later become the Town of Riverhead

 

       See also  Good Ground, NY

 

Southold (NY : Town)

 

Stony Point, Battle of, 1779

 

Strong, Anna Smith, 1740-1812

         See also  Brewster, Caleb 

                        Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                        Strong, Selah 

                        Woodhull, Abraham

 

Strong, Selah, 1737-1815

        See also  Hewlett, Richard

                       Strong, Anna Smith

 

Strong Family

        See also  Genealogical Disinformation in TURN 

 

 

Submarine (The American Turtle)

         See  Bushnell, David

 

 

Suffolk County, NY

 

Supply and Logistics

         See also  Prisoners and Prisons, American

 

Sympathetic Stain  (or "White ink")

        See also   Codes, Secret

                        Jay, Sir James

                        Setauket Spy Ring

                        Washington, George

 

Tallmadge, Benjamin, 1754-1835

          See also  Arnold, Benedict

                         Andre, John

                         Brewster, Caleb

                         Hale, Nathan

                         Hamilton, Alexander

                         Roe, Austin

                         Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                         Strong, Anna Smith

                         Tallmadge Raid, 1780

                         Townsend, Robert 

                         Washington, George

                         West Point, NY

                         Woodhull, Abraham

 

Tallmadge Family

         See also  Genealogical Disinformation in TURN

 

Tallmadge Raid, 1780   

       See also   Brewster, Caleb

                      Tallmadge, Benjamin

                      Washington, George

 

        Note:  While the usual emphasis is on the capture of Loyalist-held Fort St. George in Mastic, destruction of the hay forage at Coram was George Washington's prime objective.  Why?  Think horses, fodder, and resultant range and mobility of British and Loyalist armed forces, artillery, supplies and ammunition.

 

 Thanksgiving

          See also  Wild Turkeys

 

Thompson, Benjamin, 1753-1814 [later Count Rumford, a scientist of some renown]

            See also  Fort Golgotha

                         Huntington (NY : Town)

                              Kings American Dragoons

 

Townsend, Robert, 1753-1838

          See also   Oyster Bay (NY : Town)

                          Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

 

Townsend, Sarah (Sally), 1760-1842

          See also  Oyster Bay (NY : Town)

                         Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

 

Townsend, Samuel, 1717-1790

         See also  Townsend, Robert

                        Townsend, Sarah (Sally)

 

Trumbull, Jonathan, 1710-1785  

        (last Royal Governor and first State Governor of Connecticut)

        See  Connecticut

 

 

Tryon, William, 1729-1788

        See also  Danbury Raid, 1777

                       New Haven, Fairfield, Norwalk Raid, 1779

 

TUR(AMC)

 

           Season 1 of this televised series aired in 2014; Season 2 in 2015, Season 3, in 2016, and Season 4 has just concluded.  Prior seasons are available on DVD.  The TV Series inspired this website, mainly for its fine acting, devoted following, and its all to many blatant and eggregious historical errors and misrepresentations.  Yet it did much to put Long Island history and particularly its Revolutionary War history on the national map, and gave a major boost to local tourism.  For that, and coverage of so many topics, no matter how right or wrong, we on L.I. are grateful.

 

Turtle [submarine]

        See  Bushnell, David

         

 

Valcour Island, Naval Battle of , 1776

         See   Arnold, Benedict

 

 

Washington, George, 1732-1799  

        [later President of the Constitutional Convention, then of the U.S.]

         See also    Arnold, Benedict

                          Arnold, Margaret "Peggy" Shippen

                          Brewster, Caleb

                          Capes, Battles of the Virginia, 1781

                          Conway Cabal

                          Counterfeiting

                          Gates, Horatio

                          Hamilton, Alexander

                          Hickey, Thomas

                          Lafayette, Marie-Joseph PaulYves Roch Gilbert du Motier, Marquis de

                          Lee, William ("Billy")

                          Lee, Charles

                          Long Island (Brooklyn), Battle of, 1776

                          Philadelphia, PA

                          Rochambeau, Jean Donatien de Vimeur, Comte de

                          Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                          Tallmadge, Benjamin

                          Tallmadge Raid, 1780

                          Washington, Henry

                          Washington, Lawrence

                          Washington, Martha Custis

                          Washington Spy Trail

                          Woodhull, Abraham

 

Washington, Henry, ca. 1740-ca.1801

 

Washington, Lawrence, 1718-1752  [George Washington's older brother]

 

Washington, Martha Custis, 1731-1802

 

Washington Spy Trail

 

Wayne, Anthony, 1745-1796

 

West Point, NY

        See also   Andre, John

                        Arnold, Benedict

                        Arnold, Margaret Peggy Shippen

                        Tallmadge, Benjamin

                        Washington, George

 

 

Westchester County, NY

 

Whaleboat Warfare [Privateering & Piracy]

          See also  Long Island Sound

 

Wild Turkeys

       See also  Thanksgiving

 

Women

       See also  Agent 355

                      Arnold, Margaret (Peggy) Shippen

                      Strong, Anna Smith

                      Townsend, Sarah (Sally)

                      Washington, Martha

 

  • Naylor, Natalie A.  "The Revolutionary Schism and the Occupation of Long Island"  In  Women in Long Island's Past:  A History of Eminent Ladies and Everyday LivesCharleston; London:  The History Press, 2012:  pp. 33-42, 168-169.
  • Naylor, Natalie A.  Surviving the Ordeal:  Long Island Women During the Revolution [ms.]  Hempstead, NY:  Hofstra University.  Long Island Studies Institute, [n.d.]  

 

Woodhull, Abraham, 1750-1826

          See also   Brewster, Caleb

                          Roe, Austin

                          Setauket (Culper) Spy Ring

                          Simcoe, John Graves

                          Tallmadge, Benjamin

                          Townsend, Robert

                          Washington, George

                          Woodhull, Jesse Smith

                          Woodhull, Mary Smith

                          Woodhull, Nathaniel

                          Woodhull, Richard

 

Woodhull, Nathaniel, 1722-1776

          See also  Woodhull, Abraham

 

Woodhull, Jesse Smith, 1792-1844  [Abraham Woodhull's sole son, doesn't fit TURN parameters, born long after the Revolution ended, alive long after the Battle of Bladensburg]

          See also  Woodhull, Abraham

 

 

Woodhull, Mary Smith, 1759-1806   [Abraham Woodhull's wife, m. Nov. 1781]

         See also  Woodhull, Abraham

                         Woodhull, Richard

 

 

Woodhull, Richard IV, 1712-1788   [Abraham Woodhull's father]

        See also   Simcoe, John Graves

                        Woodhull, Abraham

                        Woodhull, Mary Smith

                        Woodhull, Nathaniel

 

Woodhull Family

        See also  Genealogical Disinformation in TURN

 

Wooster, David

           See  Danbury Raid, 1777

            See also  Arnold, Benedict 

Yorktown, Campaign, Siege, and Surrender, 1781

        See also  Capes, Battles of the Virginia, 1781

                       Clinton, Sir Henry

                       Cornwallis, Charles

                       Grasse, de

                       Lafayette, Marquis de

                       Rochambeau, 

                       Simcoe, John Graves

                       Washington, George

Compiled & edited by Mark Rothenberg, 

Local History Liaison, Patchogue-Medford Library

Senior Reference Specialist, Suffolk Cooperative Library System

mrothenberg@pmlib.org

(631) 654-4700, ext. 240